People lose teeth. This may be due to periodontal disease and some other causes like how people have been getting injured all over the world results in major teeth loss, too. However, getting dentures and bridges might not be the most comfortable thing a person may experience. Sometimes, this is just due to some natural processes. This is why dentists practice the surgery process called dental implanting which has two types: endosteal and subperiosteal. Whatever the material may be; Zirconia, Titanium, or any other material that may be used in implants, these kind of procedures almost always put smiles on people back. In this article, both kinds of dental implants will be put on the dental engine for examination.
This is the most common form and the root form of dental implants. Ranging from widths of 3.2mm to 6.5mm or 7mm and lengths of 10mm – 18mm, this kind of implant is directly put in the bone. Dentists examine patients to determine the length and width of the implants to be used, determining the teeth to place in them. A dentist drill holes according to the patients’ would-be implants then they surgically put the implants in place and suture the gum back. To allow time to heal, 2-3 months of healing is needed. It is to see if the implant has allowed osseointegration or in other terms, if it has “fused” with the bone after which, the crown is then finally fused to the implant. Some dentists prefer to do this as a one-step procedure; however, it does affect the success or failure rate. It essentially is just a matter of preferences among dentists. Sometimes, implants cannot be directly put. This is because some bone height is insufficient so bone from the jaw or hipbone is then taken to complete the inadequate height. This is called Bone Grafting. Tissue regeneration is then done with artificial membranes. After this, only then can an endosteal implant be placed.
Sometimes the bone height is not enough so bone grafting is needed. Still, there are cases in which bone grafting cannot be done because of bone structure. The answer is the subperiosteal implant. Dentists place an especially made, very lightweight metal structure on the mandible (jawbone) which is covered by gum tissue that has multiple metal posts protruding outside. These metal posts are where replacement teeth are put. Dentists first check where to put this bone depending on the bone condition, then with the metal graft installed it can complete one or more teeth, even complete dentures may be placed. When cases go extreme that even the jaw bone is disfigured, Ramus frame implant is given. After the frame is checked to be good with the bone, the teeth are then placed on the protruding posts.
Endosteal and the Subperiosteal implants are things that may save a person’s self-confidence after a disfiguring accident. Nevertheless, correct planning and multiple opinions shall be open to the patient to avoid getting worse than current conditions of dental health. Make sure to only let proper dentists do the procedures for you.